In Romania, murals detachment has not developed linearly but there are such actions recorded sporadically initiated on special occasions, disclosing six development stages, each with distinctive reasons and different strategies regarding the conservation of the detached mural fragments. They can only be explained in correlation, for each intervention in part, with the evolution level of the conservation and restoration concept specific for the period in which it took place.

The history of murals detachment in Romania begins in the 1880s at the Argeș Monastery Church, when foreign craftsmen were invited to execute an intervention practiced abroad but without precedent in our country. Subsequently, the reasons to practice such an invasive intervention for the painting ensembles and also salvaging in exceptional cases, considered the engineers’ demands regarding the architectural consolidation works (which unfortunately kept going until present), the desire to highlight original mural paint covered by newer layers and the impossibility to preserve it in situ – enclosing here the situations where the degradation factors couldn’t be eliminated and especially the demolition series of churches and old heritage buildings during the communist regime.

 

Key words: mural paintings; detachment intervention; contemporary; in extremis operation; Lecomte du Noüy; Romania

 

Author: Maria Magdalena Drobotă - PhD in Visual Arts, specialist restorer

Caietele restaurării 2017, pp. 210-249